In the year 2004, “the Persian Gulf” naming dispute was the subject of a successful Google bomb by hundreds of Iranian bloggers and webmasters. The search for the word Arabian Gulf then led to a spoof error page. As of today, it is still one of top search results on Google. About: The name of the body of water separating the Iranian plateau from the Arabian Peninsula is historically and internationally known as “the Persian Gulf”.
Since 1960s, this naming convention has been disputed by some Arab countries. This topic has become a hot debate in the past few decades. Let’s examine 8 facts about this dispute that you probably did not know. — Background: On almost all maps printed before 1960, this body of water is known by the name “Persian Gulf”. The United Nations, USA and UK officially recognize “The Persian Gulf” as the name for this body of the water. Arab countries also used the term “Persian Gulf” until the 1960s. However, after the rise of Arab nationalism, there has been widespread use of terms “Arab Gulf” or “Arabian Gulf”. Alternative names: After the Iranian Revolution in 1979, some suggested the use of “Islamic Gulf.” The idea was abandoned after Iran was invaded by its mostly Arab neighbor, Iraq, in 1980. BBC, Economist and” The Time Atlas of the World” have used the term “The Gulf” in the recent years. Iran does not consider the use of the term “The Gulf” as an impartial usage. Foreign airlines which do not use the term “Persian Gulf” are banned from Iran’s airspace! US Military of Australian military, however, have used the terms “Arabian Gulf” or “Gulf” in recent years. Branches of American universities in the region have also dropped references to “Persian Gulf” in their teaching materials. Since 2004, Iranians celebrate The National Persian Gulf Day on April 30th to mark the importance of the “Persian Gulf”. — In the year 2004, the Persian Gulf naming dispute was the subject of a successful Google bomb by hundreds of Iranian bloggers and webmasters. The search for the word Arabian Gulf then led to a spoof error page. As of today, it is still one of top search results on Google.